Month: December 2018

The History of Astronomy in Iran

The astronomical view of ancient Persians was affected by two different schools of thought. One was Avestan which was intermingled with religion. The other which had a rather scientific structure and in later periods especially Greek sciences had an impact on the Sassanids. The basis of Zoroastrian and Avestan astronomy probably goes back to Pre-Achaemenid era. Because in Avestan astronomy the moon is located more distant than other stars and…

The Distribution of Dark Matter

In recent decades astronomy scholars have made attempts to understand the true essence of the mysterious substance that has occupied most of the universe named dark matter and to map its distribution in the Universe. Now By using the Frontier Fields programme of the NASA Hubble Space Telescope, two astronomers one from Australia and the other from Spain have utilized this data to accurately establish the distribution of dark matter…

Crafts Museum (Hassanpour House)

Crafts Museum of Arak is not only the whereabouts to keep the old and artistic tools, but given its location, it is also considered as a way to the treasures of Arak city, including the oldest school and mosque, i.e. the Sepahdari school as well as the oldest bathroom called Charsough. It was built as a place of carpet trade by Haj Ali Moshiri (as a carpet trader in Arak)…

Shahid Bahonar Forest Park

Arak is considered as an industrial city in Iran. Pollutions of air, noise and so on are increased due to ignorance of green spaces. For this reason, the urban authorities decided to develop the green spaces in the city; in order to reduce pollution and improve the quality of life of people. Shahid Bahonar Forest Park in Arak is created for this purpose. This forest park was constructed in 1983.However,…

The Historic Districts of Dezful

Dezful is one of the few cities that have kept their historic districts. This city is one of the unique works in urban architecture. The old districts of Dezful with an area of over 244 hectares are located in the proximity of the Dez River. Although the history dates back to the Sassanid era, it has been a lively city even before the Sassanid period. And was considered as the…

Souzangar Historical House

We pass the roofed pathways in old Miandare Neighborhood of Dezful on the north side of a dead-end alley. Then we would reach to the entrance of the Souzangar historical house. The entrance of the house has an elegant portal with simple decorations. But the simplicity and unaffectedness of the building end just next to the wooden door. It seems like the architect does not want to easily demonstrate what…

The Remains of The Bridge of Dezful

One of the oldest bridges of the world is located on the Dez River. Despite the passage of 10 centuries from its making it is still a place of resort of pedestrians and cars. The bridge has connected the eastern and western sides of Dezful together for some years. In fact, it is an interface of Dezful-Andimeshk. However, the bridge is not spared from damage during the periods. After the…

The Grand Mosque of Dezful

The Grand Mosque of Dezful is the second important monument of the city after the Old Bridge. The primary construction of this mosque was for the eighth or ninth century. It has been repaired and restored from the twelfth to the seventeenth century. It has also been steadily developed and decorated during these periods. But its current form (four porches) is corresponding to the middle of the Safavid era. And…

Marashi House

Marashi house is located in the frontage of waterfalls and mills of Shushtar overlooking them. It is also located at 200 meters to the mausoleum of Abbas. The house is in Dar Abbas neighborhood; in the old district of Shushtar city. It was built in the Qajar period by Seyed Mohammad Hossein Marashi. The rooms of the southern yard and a part of the west side of the alley were…

Shushtar Market

Shushtar city has many mosques with different names, such as blacksmiths and coppersmiths mosques. The name of these mosques shows the importance of the industry and market in the city of Shushtar. One of the most important and oldest markets of the town was the porch market of Shushtar that was built in the Qajar period and its name was Gheysarieh at first. This cross-shaped market was destroyed in the…