Persian Miniature Painting

A Persian miniature painting is a richly detailed painting typically depicting religious or mythological themes of Persian or Quranic events and also illustrations of a romantic tale or epic poetry. They were mostly book illustrations or separate works of art.

Persian miniature paintings were originally book illustrations and were initially Persian illuminated manuscripts. The use of these miniatures was for literary, scientific, and historical books. However, Persian miniatures are small, but they contain rich, complex scenes which can occupy a viewer’s mind for hours.

The main usage of Persian miniature paintings was in book illustration. It added a visual image to the literary texts, to increase the pleasure of reading, and making them easier to understand. Miniature merged the artistic and poetic languages and formed a deep and sincere connection to poetry.

One of the most famous and most influential masters of Persian painting from the Herat school was Kamal-od-Din Behzad, whose works were greatly influenced by the poems of Jami and Navai. In his style, there appeared special attention to portraying people and what surrounded them in their daily lives. Behzad’s paintings brought the Persian miniature to its actual bloom. Khatam, and Persian poetry are two of the most important arts in Iran.